The hottest key components urgently need to break

2022-08-14
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Key parts need to be broken through urgently, and the development of China's intelligent industrial robot industry has a long way to go

in recent years, China's intelligent industrial robot industry has developed rapidly, but there is still a gap compared with developed countries in the original research of core and key technologies, high reliability basic functional components, system process application solutions, etc. Industry experts believe that, on the one hand, we should expand the production of domestic robots and improve the production capacity of domestic robot enterprises; On the other hand, we should promote the localization of key parts of domestic robots, improve the production capacity of key parts, and meet the needs of capacity expansion of domestic robots

intelligent industrial robots are known as the Pearl at the top of the manufacturing crown and the tuyere made in China in gold rush. Their R & D, manufacturing and application have become an important symbol to measure a country's scientific and technological innovation and high-end manufacturing level

breakthroughs in key components will take time

at the 2018 intelligent manufacturing and robot industry docking exchange held in Shenzhen recently, Ding Ning, deputy dean of the Institute of robotics and intelligent manufacturing at the Chinese University of Hong Kong (Shenzhen), said that the significance of robots is to serve people, and they should have tools, economy, technology and social attributes. With the solution of the problems of high operation and use costs, the landing of robot products will continue to promote the transformation and upgrading of enterprise manufacturing mode

Bi Yalei, Secretary General of Shenzhen Robot Association, believes that the integration of artificial intelligence and robots is becoming a new trend. On the one hand, it promotes the industrial scale. With the continuous increase of labor costs, the enthusiasm of robot replacement is also improving. Among them, the express brother and the workers of 3C production line will be the best application scenarios for the robot industry as a human-machine collaboration to help people complete repetitive tasks

many industry experts said that at present, AI (Artificial Intelligence) itself promotes the development of the robot industry, and robots have also become a good grasp of the AI industry. In the basic layer, there are algorithm model, intelligent chip and intelligent sensor; At the technical level, there are voice recognition, text recognition and picture recognition; In the application layer, there are unmanned aerial vehicles, intelligent driving, intelligent robots, intelligent education, intelligent finance, intelligent medicine, etc

take Shenzhen as an example, in 2017, the robot industry has seen the rise of leading enterprises, the industrial robot industry has begun to have a large-scale effect, and the service robot has entered a period of rapid development. In the field of ontology + system integration applied to leading industries such as 3C and logistics, representative enterprises include rapoo technology, zhongkederui, etc. The key parts and components enterprises of robots such as controllers and servo motors have also developed rapidly, and excellent enterprises such as rexay intelligent and solid high technology have emerged, but it will take time for some parts and components to be scaled up. Representative enterprises that have sprung up in some sub sectors of the service robot industry include Shenzhou Yunhai, CIIC, etc

wangcuixia, chairman of Shenzhen Kangli group, who has long paid attention to the development of intelligent manufacturing and robot industry, said at the meeting that it will provide effective connection between intelligent manufacturing and robot technology R & D achievements, intelligent manufacturing and robot industry enterprises, projects and social capital, organically combine high-end scientific research achievements, industries and funds, and better move core technologies towards industrialization and high-end manufacturing. It is reported that Kangli Kechuang Zhigu technology incubator has been officially put into operation, and incubated enterprises have successively settled in

there are vacancies in industrial robots

in order to seize the international commanding heights of the new generation of industrial robots, the robot industry development plan jointly issued by the Ministry of industry and information technology, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance proposes that it will provide better development opportunities for China's robot industry, enhance the independent innovation ability of enterprises, and break through cutting-edge technologies and key technologies such as new materials, new perception and intelligent control, Speed up the technological research and development and prototype production of a new generation of industrial robots

according to the statistics of Shenzhen Robot Association, the annual cost of industrial robot products is about 50000 yuan based on 10-year service life depreciation, while the annual cost of three mature welding technicians is at least 216000 yuan. When an industrial robot produces the same benefits, the input cost is 23% of the labor cost. This proportion will greatly reduce the manufacturing cost of enterprises and provide broad space for enterprises to make profits

however, the use density of industrial robots in China is far lower than the global average, and the gap is more obvious compared with developed countries such as South Korea, Japan, Germany and so on. For example, South Korea has the highest density of industrial robots in the world, with 396 robots per 10000 people; The number of 10000 people in Japan has also reached 339; Germany ranks third with 267 units owned by 10000 people. The number of 10000 person industrial robots in China is only 23, less than half of the international average of 58. At present, the proportion of industrial robots in China is 6.4%, Japan is 26.6%, the United States is 13.8%, Germany is 13.6%, and South Korea is 10.8%. From this point of view, the huge gap with developed countries means that the development potential of China's industrial robot market is huge

the "analysis report on production and marketing demand prediction, transformation and upgrading of China's industrial robot industry" released by the forward looking Industry Research Institute shows that at present, industrial robots have been widely used in the automotive and auto parts manufacturing industry, electronic and electrical industry, rubber and plastic industry, food industry and other fields. In China, about 33% of industrial robots are used in the automobile manufacturing and auto parts manufacturing industry, and about 31% of industrial robots are used in the electronic and electrical industry

by the end of 2017, the production of industrial robots in China had exceeded 130000 sets, with a cumulative increase of 68.1%, of which the production in December reached 12682 sets, with a year-on-year increase of 56.5%, continuously occupying the largest market for industrial robots. Biare said that the rapid growth of output also drives the demand for talents in the robot industry. Whether it is the maintenance, debugging, operation or programming of robots, a large number of relevant technicians are needed

industrial development has a long way to go.

the development of robot industry includes R & D experiments, industrialization of robot body and parts, system integration technology, services, etc., and every link is very important. On the whole, the products are mainly low-end. Most robot enterprises in China are currently concentrated in the integration field, with processing and assembly enterprises accounting for the majority. Domestic six axis industrial robots account for less than 10% of the new installed capacity of industrial robots in China; There is still a considerable gap from developed countries in the original research of core and key technologies, high reliability basic functional components, system process application solutions and host batch production. Although the state has also made large investment support in this area for many years, the original market scale and industrialization level are not high enough to drive the development of core components, resulting in unsatisfactory results. In addition, the low recognition of independent brands and industry standards to be further standardized all restrict the high-quality development of the industrial robot industry

it can be seen that the insufficient strength of robot technology in China restricts the scale of industrialization, and the small scale in turn restricts the development of technology, which affects the process of robot industrialization. Industry experts believe that if we want to improve the market competitiveness of domestic robots, on the one hand, we should expand the production of domestic robots and improve the production capacity of domestic robot enterprises; On the other hand, we should promote the localization of key parts of domestic robots, improve the production capacity of key parts, and meet the needs of capacity expansion of domestic robots

at present, China also attaches great importance to intelligent manufacturing and robots, and promotes the development of the robot industry in multiple departments. We will promote the development of our own brand robot industry from top-level design, demonstration and application, talent training and other aspects, and the supporting policies are more and more comprehensive and detailed. It is clearly proposed to take high-end CNC machine tools and robots as one of the key areas to be vigorously promoted, and it is proposed that the development of the robot industry should focus on the application of industrial robots such as automobile, machinery, electronics, dangerous goods manufacturing, chemical industry, light industry, etc., promote the standardization and modular development of robots, and expand the dimensional tolerance of plastic forming parts with the most stable shrinkage characteristics in the market. 110, 120 and 130 groups of applications can be selected. Break through the technical bottleneck of robot body, reducer, servo motor, controller, sensor and driver and system integration design and manufacturing. These will play a promoting role in breaking through the technological bottleneck and improving the industrialization ability of China's robot enterprises

at the same time, the Ministry of industry and information technology proposed in the key points of the transformation and development of the raw material industry that in terms of the robot industry, the expansion of robots in key positions should use a large amount of waste to produce thermal insulation products, and promote a number of professional robots in positions such as health hazards and dangerous working environment, repeated heavy labor, intelligent sampling and analysis

nevertheless, the gap between China's industrial robots and developed countries such as the United States, Japan and Europe is still obvious, especially the core components and core technologies of high-end industrial robots need to further form their own brands with greater industry influence. Facing the developing industrial robots in China, biare said that to accelerate the transformation of China from a large manufacturing country to a powerful manufacturing country, on the one hand, it is necessary to continue to optimize the industrial structure and introduce more powerful measures to promote the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry, so as to promote the localization of industrial robots and enhance the core competitiveness; On the other hand, when purchasing industrial robots, enterprises should not blindly rely on imported brands, but should comprehensively consider the cost performance and give priority to domestic robots when their performance is equivalent

Shijiazhuang Beijing Tianjin Hebei industry university research alliance

Shijiazhuang Beijing Tianjin Hebei industry university research alliance is initiated and organized by the Shijiazhuang Municipal People's government. It is composed of universities, scientific research institutes, financial institutions and key enterprises in Shijiazhuang. It aims to encourage, guide and support supply-demand cooperation, information exchange, resource sharing and common development among industry, University and research parties

since its establishment, the alliance has continuously given full play to the academic status, scientific research resources and talent advantages of universities and scientific research institutions in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, which are limited by development and manufacturing costs and processes. Based on Shijiazhuang's leading industries, it has made efforts to build a Beijing Tianjin Hebei industry university research cooperation platform with the goal of promoting a technological innovation system with enterprises as the main body, market orientation and the combination of industry, University and research, Guide and support the agglomeration of innovative elements to enterprises, and support and promote the transformation of scientific and technological achievements of colleges and universities and scientific research institutions into real productive forces

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